The debate about the ethics of animal testing and its effects on us

After all, they are below humans in the natural chain of things. Jane Goodall 'Reason for Hope', The moral status of the experimenters Animal rights extremists often portray those who experiment on animals as being so cruel as to have forfeited any own moral standing.

Accordingly, all issues of animal pain and distress, and their potential treatment with analgesia and anesthesia, are required regulatory issues in receiving animal protocol approval.

However, most people are uncomfortable with that scenario and some philosophers have put forth a variety of reasons to include all humans in the human moral community. The Act requires that proposals for research involving the use of animals must be fully assessed in terms of any harm to the animals.

Over 20, rabbits were used for animal testing in the UK in This may cause harm to human beings because they won't benefit from a cure for their disease because the cure won't be developed. Maceration grinding into small pieces is used on 1 day old chicks. Whether animal experimentation is good or bad really depends on who you are asking.

Animal testing

There are two ways in which information can be made available to the public: Captive bolts may be used, typically on dogs, ruminants, horses, pigs and rabbits. Slow or rapid freezing, or inducing air embolism are acceptable only with prior anesthesia to induce unconsciousness.

The ethicists who endorse this position do not mean that animals are entitled to the very same treatment as humans; arguing that animals should have the right to vote or hold office is clearly absurd.

The latter requirement may also be exempted by special arrangement. In these cases animals are treated with a substance that produces no pharmacological effect, but is administered in order to determine any biological alterations due to the experience of a substance being administered, and the results are compared with those obtained with an active compound.

Laika and Soviet space dogs Dogs are widely used in biomedical research, testing, and education—particularly beaglesbecause they are gentle and easy to handle, and to allow for comparisons with historical data from beagles a Reduction technique.

Virtual reconstructions of human molecular structures done through computer models also have the capacity to predict toxicity levels of substances, so no need to poison animals to collect data and draw conclusions. These simple measures within the laboratory aim to satisfy the physiological and behavioural needs of the animals and therefore maintain their well-being.

Is it wrong to believe that animals have rights? Most animals used in testing and research are not protected by the Animal Welfare Act AWA As ofonly over 1 million animals are covered by the AWA, leaving around 25 million more unprotected from mistreatment and abuse.

These may involve the use of animal models of diseases or conditions, which are often discovered or generated by pure research programmes. The rest of the violations that NIRC committed were caught on a video footage, showing the heartbreaking conditions of the animals. As evidence of the need for a new ethic for animals, thousands of bills pertaining to animal welfare have been promulgated across the United States in the last decade.

Also, anyone who handles the animals should be properly trained. Not all scientists are convinced that these tests are valid and useful. For instance, it makes it more difficult for a human to defend themselves or their crops or livestock against threatening animals.

In essence, the research community had failed to meet societal expectations for the proper treatment of research animals.Tom Regan's seminal work, The Case for Animal Rights, is one of the most influential works on the topic of animals and ethics.

Experimenting on animals

Regan argues for the claim that animals have rights in just the same way that human beings do. Dec 08,  · any benefits to human beings that animal testing does provide could be produced in other ways; Ethics and Behavior, Vol. 1, So the acts and omissions argument could lead us. The Research Defence Society (RDS; London, UK), an organization representing doctors and scientists in the debate on the use of animals in research and testing, welcomes the greater openness that the FOI Act brings to discussions about animal research.

Dangerous animal testing Vioxx, a drug used to treat arthritis, was found to be safe when tested in monkeys (and five other animal species) but has been estimated to have caused aroundheart attacks and strokes anddeaths worldwide.

The history of animal testing goes back to the writings of the Ancient Greeks in the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE, with Aristotle (– BCE) and Erasistratus (– BCE) one of the first documented to perform experiments on animals. Animal Testing in the Cosmetic Industry The Harvard community has made this In order to determine the gamut of issues involved in the debate over animal experimentation, it is helpful rst to examine in brief the reasons that the subject is one so charged with emotion.

9See Stephen Zak, Ethics and Animals, The Atlantic,

The debate about the ethics of animal testing and its effects on us
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